A poultry farm management system is a database-based software system that can record needed or relevant documents about a poultry farm. The system is needed because it is more and more necessary to run a poultry farm more adequately with the rising demand for poultry.
Farmers need a reliable assistant to carry out their day-to-day work. Larger poultry farms can carry out their functions with more staff, but that sustainably cuts down the financial support, which could have been used to raise more chickens and acquire more profits.
Introduction to Poultry Farm Management System
The system is needed because of the importance associated with adequately monitoring the activities on a poultry farm. Poultry production provides cash in emergencies, provides high-quality protein to a rapidly growing population, and contributes significantly to food security, poverty reduction, and ecologically sound management of natural resources—an essential livelihood for most rural communities.
Since there is a continuing rise in the cost of cattle, sheep, and goat meat production, consumer preferences have shifted now for poultry meat (white meat) given the ecological, economic, social, and health advantages over the other types of meat (red meat). Poultry is the most capitalized of all the livestock agriculture practices. The types of poultry commonly reared in India are chickens, ducks, guinea fowls, turkeys, pigeons, and more. Those of commercial or economic importance are chicken, guinea fowls, and turkeys, among which the chickens predominate.
For an astonishing number of years, information technology has been evolving. It has become part of the world’s daily routine to involve information technology in organization and operations. Due to information technology, the world has moved; digital telecommunication networks have been constructed worldwide, and that is how far the technology has gone. Electronic commerce is part of information technology, and it has been around for over a decade, closing the gap between chicks and the internet. In the current system work, transactions and payments are made manually. Still, in the new system, all the poultry transactions are computerized using the software of the poultry management information system. The major operation in the system includes registration of customers, advertising the company products, storing the quality of the products sold, and displaying the report of the ordered products.
The current poultry management information system is paper-based, inefficient, tiresome, hard to update, susceptible to errors, and time-wasting their transport to go and book at the receptionist. Physically which is sometimes expensive, the online poultry management information system will try to solve the query of manual registration, making payments, advertisement of new company products, and booking chicks for customers interested. Automation of the booking process whereby information moves from various stakeholders in an orderly manner enables people to get products and services fast. It is cheap and even puts less stress on the poultry.
The objective of The Project
To create an online poultry management system that will improve the poultry farm system and other poultry products by distant clients.
The specific objectives of the study are:
- To design the new system.
- To collect and analyze data from the existing system
- To implement the integrated system.
- To test and validate the integrated system.
Scope of Poultry Farm Management System
This project will help in collecting the perfect farming data in detail. The collection will be apparent, straightforward, and sensible in a short time. It will help the user know the disease trend, which will help them save their poultry’s life, otherwise getting victims of sudden diseases like bird flu. It will also help manage the current works of the farmer, contractual or hired staff, etc. It will help manage, track, and collect feedback from the farm, like the health of their stock, if they are eating well, if they are getting good nutrients, etc. Feedback is the leading block that aids in course correction and provides a better environment. The project’s main scope is to provide a fully automatic environment for performing day-to-day activities.
Some of the aspects of automation are:
- Filling up various forms and the number of copies needed to be filled is reduced and streamlined.
- Creating the manifest is no longer necessary; instead, it can be printed, saving more time.
- It helps in efficiently utilizing resources by increasing productivity.
- It made it easier to recall any data that had been entered.
- Feedback and any action taken can be tracked in a perfectly streamlined manner.
- The system is expandable
- User-friendly UI.
- Easy to operate.
- Security, this system is secure from all types of tempering.
- Can recommend solutions to the framer via previous encounters.
Modules Used in Poultry Farm Management System
Poultry Management Module: This module is used for managing poultry details.
Chemical Module: This module helps store the details of the chemical used on the life stocks like pesticides, insecticides, flu medicines, etc.
Fodder module: This is one of the main modules of the project. This module helps collect the feedback from the farm and might suggest the addition or reduction of fodder and other nutrients, reduce cost and improve the health of the poultry.
Health module: Helps categorize the present health of the poultry in an aggregate manner.
Diseases Module: This module helps collect information from the government and other sources about any diseases that might affect the stock.
User Module: Stores User’s detail
Login Module: Stores User’s Login Details
Administration Module: Manages administrative access.
Software Requirement Specification
The software requirements specification is produced at the end of the analysis of the system. As part of system engineering, the function and performance allocated to the software are refined by establishing a complete information description, a detailed functional and behavioral description, an indicator of performance requirements and design constraints, appropriate validation criteria, and other data pertinent to needs.
The Proposed system has the following requirements.
- The system needs to store information about the new entry of poultry
- The system needs to help the internal staff to keep information on the life stock
- The system can confirm the quality of records
- the system can search for the area based on the previous data.
- It also needs a security system to prevent data theft.
A feasibility study is carried out when there is a complex problem or opportunity. It is considered the primary investigation which emphasizes the “Look before You Loop” approach to any project. A Feasibility study is undertaken to determine the possibility of either improving the existing system or developing a completely new system. Remote management is one of the core use cases for the vault.
Today, many organizations have credentials hardcoded in source code, littered throughout configuration files and configuration management tools, and stored in plain text in version control, wikis, and shared volumes. It provides a central place to store these credentials, ensuring they are encrypted, access is audit logged, and exposed only to authorized clients. The challenge after centralization is that services are often shared the same.
Credentials. This has been a standard practice for applications, but most security organizations would have a panic attack if it were proposed that all human users share the same login credentials. If those credentials leak, it is very challenging to identify the source of the compromise or leak. Updating or rotating credentials creates a coordination problem, as there are many users of the credential.
Why do we need a Feasibility Study?
- When we have a new project with a new concept
- When we are not confirmed about the resources and time
- To suggest a possible alternative solution
- To provide management with enough information to know
- Whether the project can be done.
- Whether the final product will benefit its intended users.
Types of Feasibility Study
It refers to the benefits or outcomes we derive from the product compared to the total cost we are spending on developing the product. If the profits made from the online system are more or less the same as the older system, then it is not feasible to develop the system
It denotes the Feasibility of the product which will be operational. Some products may work very well in design and implementation but may fail in real-time. It is the study of human resources that will be additionally required and their technical expertise. The software guarantees accuracy, reliability, ease of access, and data security.
In the present system, all the operations can be performed easily compared to the existing system and support the backlog data. Hence the need for additional analysis. It was found that the additional modules added are isolated modules as far as the operator is concerned, so the Developed system is operationally feasible.
It refers to whether the available software in the market supports the present application. It studies the pros and cons of using particular software for the development and its Feasibility. The user interface is user-friendly and does not require much expertise and training in the present system, and it just needs a mouse click to make any application. The software used for developing server pages entirely is highly suitable for the present application since the users require fast access to the web pages and a high degree of security.
Implementation feasibility is also a very influential factor for a new system. The project manager will check whether the developer can do the project in time with the specified requirements and best performance. The project leader will also check whether the given tools and technologies to the developer will make the system a success or not.
Time Schedule Feasibility
The project should be finished within the assigned time. Otherwise, the whole project will be delayed, which is also disastrous for a project developer and project leader.
Operating system: Windows and Linus
Language: Java 2 Runtime Environment.
Databases: MySQL Server
Web Server: Tomcat7
Software development kit: Java JDK 1.7 or above.
Processor: Pentium III or above.
Functional requirement defines a function of a system or component, where a function is described as a specification of behavior between outputs and inputs. Function requirements may involve:
- Technical details.
- Data manipulation and processing.
- Other specific functionality defines what a system is supposed to accomplish.
A functional requirement is supported by a non-functional requirement, which imposes constraints on the design or implementation. In this application, the farmers need to register themselves; they can also use their government data system with all the farm data.
However, to keep their identity secret for business purposes, incognito mode has also been added. This application will help farmers check their corps status, soil report, actions needed to be taken, fertilizers present, and update their profiles. However, the login details will be provided by the administration.
Non Functional Requirements
This application will run on the standard browser. Users will not be able to change the fonts, colors, or any other application customization. Any changes made have been going through proper procedure. Administrators and employees will be able to access the application through their usernames and password, and no one will access administrative functions. The Database servers containing Restricted Data must meet the Following account access, password, and privilege configurations.
Create separate accounts for running automated tasks (backups, replication, etc.) that do not allow direct logins. Administrators must not use these accounts for other jobs. Use strong passwords for all performances.
Use Case Diagram of Poultry Management System
The Use case module of any system represents different ways the user can use the system. One of the ways to find all the use cases is to ask a simple question, “What can a user do with the system?”. The use case module partitions the system’s behavior into transactions so that each of the transactions performs some practical action. All these are accomplished from the user’s view.
The purpose of the use case is to define a coherent behavior without revealing the system’s internal structure. It typically represents a sequence of interactions between the user and the design. A simple line drawing can define these use cases. In the use case diagram, each use case is represented by an ellipse with the name written inside the ellipse. All the eclipses are enclosed inside a rectangle called a boundary.
Data Flow Diagram
A DFD is a graphical representation of data flow through a system. It can also be used to visualize the data processing. The data flow diagram is the first step in the design phase, and it functionally decomposes the requirements specification. In the DFD, some bubbles are connected by lines. Each bubble represents data transformation, and each line represents data flow. A DFD shows what data flow rather than how data flows.
Advantages and Disadvantages
The many advantages of the system are already discussed above; however, one of the proposed system’s significant advantages is that it gives a detailed report about the farm’s life stock. It Helps cut costs, utilizes resources, avoids diseases, etc.
One of the main disadvantages we faced while creating the system is that there is no available data on poultry. Therefore, implementing the system at the primary stage will be a bit tiresome, but once all the data is entered, there shall be no more disturbance.
This project is a humble approach to solving the most important, rising, and mostly forgotten part of farming: poultry farming. It is the most ignored business practice in our nation, still done in a less efficient and very conservative manner. Our system is a gesture to help those engaged in the sector with their day-to-day work, record keeping, etc. This system will help them to increase their income and flourish their business.